Loading...
20090858 Ver 3_BPDP_20120405IVEY- FERGUSON BANK PARCEL ORANGE COUNTY NORTH CAROLINA BANK PARCEL DEVELOPMENT PACKAGE R @Oo�� DW ` Q# ,APR 5 20112 09 -08580 GENR Wetlands & St R 0 L171' ate Branch September 2010 Revised March 2012 Table of Contents 10 Project Location and Description 2 0 Project Area Existing Conditions 2 1 Geologic & Soil Characteristics 22 Vegetative Communities 23 Threatened and Endangered Species 3 0 Proposed Buffer Restoration Plan 4 0 Monitoring and Maintenance Plan 5 0 Nutrient Mitigation Potential 6 0 References In -Text Tables Table 1 Mapped Soils within the Ivey Ferguson Bank Parcel Table 2 Plant List Appendix A. Site Figure 1 Mans Site Location Map Figure 2 Proposed Riparian Buffer Restoration Area Figure 3 USGS Quad —White Cross Figure 4 Orange County Soils Survey [JEcoEngineenng A diw an f Th loh R McAdams Company Inc 2 2 2 3 4 5 6 6 7 3 5 10 Proiect Location and Descrinhon Located near the intersection of Carl Durham Road and Old Greensboro Road (SR 1005) in Orange County, North Carolina (Figure 1) is the proposed nutrient mitigation bank currently known as the Ivey Ferguson Bank Parcel (Bank Parcel) The Bank Parcel is comprised of five (5) parcels of land, of which three (3) parcels of land (PIN Numbers 9758027026, 9758022055 and 9758034637) are located at the northwestern quadrant of the intersection of Carl Durham Road and Old Greensboro Road The remaining parcel of land (PIN Number 9758034637) is located on east side of Carl Durham Road, approximately 0 30 miles north of the intersection of Carl Durham Road and Old Greensboro Road There is one (1) parcel of land (PIN Number 9758337836) located on the north side of Old Greensboro Road approximately 0 35 miles east of the intersection of Carl Durham Road and Old Greensboro Road The purpose of this Bank Parcel is to improve water quality within the B Everett Jordan Lake watershed by providing off site mitigation for development (both existing and proposed) requiring nutrient offsets The proposed Bank Parcel is located within the Upper New Hope Arm of the B Everett Jordan Lake watershed inside of 14 digit USGS HUC 03030002060070 Stormwater runoff from this site drains into an unnamed tributary of Phils Creek (Stream Index #16 41 2 2 (0 3), which drains into University Lake approximately 3 4 miles downstream According to the N C Division of Water Quality Basmwide Information Management System (BIMS) Phils Creek is classified as WS II HQW NSW in this location Overall, the five (5) parcels of land comprising the Bank Parcel total approximately 229 acres with the proposed nutrient offset restoration area of approximately 118 acres (Figure 2) Please note the parcel and parcel area information listed above is measured from Orange County GIS records The actual area of the proposed nutrient offset restoration will be finalized upon completion of the survey of the conservation easement within the Bank Parcel This Bank Parcel shall be established under the terms and conditions of the Cape Fear Basin Riparian Buffer and Nutrient Mitigation Umbrella Bank (Bank) made and entered into by EBX EM, LLC acting as the Bank Sponsor and the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources Division of Water Quality (DWQ) 2 0 Proiect Area - Existing Conditions 21 Geologic & Soil Characteristics Based upon review of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) White Cross, Nort h Carolina Quadrangle the proposed Bank Parcel is located in the headwaters of Phils Creek with elevations ranging from f 470 feet to f 580 feet Topographic relief and surface drainage is generally northeast for the parcels along Carl Durham Road and northwest for the parcel along Old Greensboro Road (Figure 3) The Bank Parcel is located within the Piedmont Physiographic Province of North Carolina, specifically within the Carolina Slate Belt ecoregion A review of the Ecoregions of North Carolina and South Carolina (Griffith et al, 2002) shows the geology in the area of the property is comprised of "mineral rich metavolcanic and metasedimentary rocks with slately cleavage which is finer grained and less metamorphosed than other eco regions within the Piedmont It is also common for streams to dry up along with low yielding wells The Soil Survey of Orange County, North Carolina (Soil Conservation Service, 1977) lists the soils within the property as from the Appling Helena Association As stated in the soil survey, these soils can be generally classified as 'gently sloping and sloping, well drained and moderately well drained soils that have a surface layer of sandy loam and a subsoil of sandy clay loam clay or sandy clay on uplands As described by the online USDA NRCS 2 5JEcoEngineering A drvi f The 1 Im K McAdams Company I Official Soil Series Descriptions (OSD) the specific soils within the project area (Figure 4) are shown below in Table 1 Table 1 Mapped Soils within the Ivey Ferguson Bank Parcel Soil Type 11 .V U11Vx rpr` "°" General Description Group The series consists of well drained moderately permeable soils on ridges and side Appling HSG B slopes of the Piedmont uplands They are (ApB & ApC) deep to saprolite and very deep to bedrock Based on the classifications for this site, the slopes will range from 2 to 10 percent _ The Congaree series consists of well drained moderatley permeable soils that formed in Congaree HSG B loamy alluvium and are on flood plains or at (Cp) the base of slopes in the Piedmont Based on the classifications for this site the slopes will range from 0 to 2 percent _ The Enon series consists of very deep well Enon drained slowly permeable soils on ridgetops (EnC) HSG C and side slopes in the Piedmont Based on the classifications for this site, the slopes will range from 2 to 6 percent __ Soils of the Lignum series are moderately well drained, slowly permeable soils that Lignum HSG C formed in the residuum weathered from (Lg) Carolina slate Based on the classifications for this site the slopes will range from 0 to 3 _ percent _ _ The Wedowee senes consists of very deep, well drained moderately permeable soils that Wedowee formed in residuum weathered from felsic (Wm.E) HSG B igneous and metamorphic rocks of the Piedmont uplands Based on the classifications for this site the slopes will range from 8 to 15 percent 2 2 Vegetative Communities Vegetative communities within the Bank Parcel for those parcels located along Carl Durham Road are primarily pasture land Pasture land areas are subject to periodic mowing crop production (i a hay production) and cattle grazing Pasture vegetation is a mixture of grasses and herbaceous species The dominant grasses tend to be Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense), bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) and various fescue species (Festuca sp ) There are some locations along the unnamed tributaries in which there is a forest fringe Due to historic agricultural activities surrounding the unnamed tributaries, these fringe forested areas have been impacted by cattle grazing, and as a result are fairly immature Based on the remaining vegetative assemblages, the forest fringe areas are generally characterized as Piedmont Bottomland Forest, according to the North Carolina Natural Heritage Program (NHP) classification system (Schafale and Weakley 1990) There is an abundance of early succession species such as loblolly pine (Pinus taeda), sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua) and red maple (Acer rubrum) Most notable is the presence of non native invasive species such as multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora) and Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense) which are [IEcoEngineenng A di f 7b J hn R McAdams C mpsny W indicative of a disturbed forest community Typical dominant tree species within the Bank Parcel include various oak species (Quercus spp ) river birch (Betula nigra), sycamore (Plantanus occidentalis) American elm (Ulmus amerzcana) American beech (Fagus grandifolia), tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), various hickory species (Carya spp ), loblolly pine, red maple sweet gum Dominant groundcover and secondary canopy layer species consist of common greenbnar (Smilax rotundifolia) poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefoha) American holly (Ilex opaca) red cedar (Juniperus vzrginiana) various viburnum species (Viburnum spp ), Christmas fern (Polystichium acrostichoides), Indian wood oats (Chasmanthium latifolium), New York fern (Thelypteris noveboracensis), and netted chain fern (Woodwardia aerolata) Vegetative communities within the Bank Parcel for the parcel located along Old Greensboro Road can be grouped into two distinct vegetative communities These two vegetative communities can be generally characterized as a Piedmont Alluvial Forest according to the NHP classification system and pasture land Pasture land areas are subject to periodic mowing, crop production (i e hay production) and cattle grazing Pasture vegetation is a mixture of grasses and herbaceous species The dominant grasses tend to be Johnson grass, bermuda grass and various fescue species Adjacent to the pasture land areas are Piedmont Alluvial Forest communities The fringe of these communities have been disturbed due historic clearing activities and/or cattle grazing As a result there are non native invasive species such as multiflora rose and Chinese privet located within the fringe of these communities Dominant species noted within these communities include various oak species black walnut (Juglans nigra), river birch American elm American beech, tulip poplar, various hickory species, loblolly pine, red maple and sweet gum Dominant groundcover and secondary canopy layer species consist of common greenbnar poison ivy, Virginia creeper American holly spicebush (Lindera benzoin) fetterbush (Leucothoe recurva), Christmas fern Indian wood oats and rattlesnake fern (Botrychium virginianum) 23 Threatened and Endangered Species Some populations of plants and ammals are declining because of natural forces or their inability to coexist with human activity Plants and ammals with Threatened or Endangered status are protected under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973 (16 US 1531 et seq ) According to the U S Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) web page (http / /www fws gov /nc es /es /countyfr html) accessed September 3, 2010) the following species are listed as having federal protection in Orange County red cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis) Michaux s sumac (Rhus michauxtt) and smooth coneflower (Echinacea laevigata) The bald eagle (Haliaeeletus leucocephalus) is also listed as occurring in Orange County and is protected under the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (BGPA) of 2008 (16 US 668 668c) EcoEngmeenng conducted field surveys by walking transects within the Bank Parcel area The objective of the field surveys was to determine the presence of federally Threatened or Endangered species within the Bank Parcel area There were no federally Threatened or Endangered species observed during the field surveys A bald eagle was observed on the Bank Parcel, however, there were no bald eagle nests observed within the Bank Parcel The proposed activities associated with the development of the Bank Parcel do not include clearing activities The inherent work does not result in habitat destruction or modification for the above listed federally Threatened or Endangered species, or the bald eagle Therefore it is reasonable to conclude the proposed work will have No Effect on Threatened and Endangered species or the bald eagle 4 51&oEngineering A chute f Th J hn R M Adams C mpmy In 3 0 Proposed Nutrient Offset Restoration Plan Pasture lands located outside forested areas within the Bank Parcel area will be ripped and scanfied prior to vegetation planting activities The established microtopography on leveled surfaces will promote diffuse flow and surface water storage In addition subsurface hardpans will be eliminated to promote vegetation growth/survival and to increase groundwater recharge rates Grasses may be treated with herbicide to reduce competition with planted species Where necessary invasive species will also be treated with herbicide to ensure they do not become dominant within the Bank Parcel or hinder the establishment growth and survival of planted vegetation Cattle grazing will not be permitted within the Bank Parcel and therefore, fencing will be erected as necessary to prevent cattle access The proposed riparian planting plan will be developed by integrating native plant species observed within the Bank Parcel area in addition to selected species known to inhabit the Piedmont Alluvial Forest community type as described in Classification of the Natural Communities of North Carolina (Schafale and Weakley, 1990) and procedures outlined in Guidelines for Riparian Buffer Restoration (NCEEP 2004) to institute species diversity The restored riparian zone will be planted with bare root seedlings or containerized material Bare root seedlings or containerized material will be planted during the fall or early spring seasons During the following fall supplemental shrub and tree species will be planted if survival rates of previously planted seedlings are below target densities as determined in late summer (August September) The planting plan will consist of individual hardwood tree and shrub species as listed in the table below The goal is to plant 436 to 681 trees and shrubs per acre, with an approximate 8 foot to 10 foot spacing Plant composition will consist of at a mimmum of at least six (6) of the tree species and three (3) of the shrub species list Table 2 Plant List Scientific Name Comm_ on Name _ _ Trees W _Fraxanus pennsylvanaca egr en ash _ _ Platanus occadentalas sycamore _ uercus pagoda _ _ cherry ark oak Betula �Yga_ river birch Quercus nigra ___ _ water oak — ---- __ uercus lyrata _ _ _ overcup oak Quercus machauxaa _ _ _ swamp chestnut _oak Quercus phellos willow oak uercus laura olaa laurel oak w _ Ulmus ameracana �American Elm L_irio_dendron_tu_li era _ ^ tulip poplar _ Small Trees and Shrubs _ C_ornus Florida _ _ flowenU dogwood T Myraca Gera era _ _ wax myrtle Aesculus sylvataca ____tented buckeye Ilex opaca _ _ _ _ _ u American holly_ Carpanus carohnaana ironwood w Magnolia virginaana _ _ _sweet bqy_ Aroma arbutafolaa red chokeberry * Species composition may be adjusted based on local availability FE-I]EcoEngineering Ad vision f Th J hn R M Adams Company [ Temporary and permanent native herbaceous seed will be applied simultaneously to existing pasture land areas located outside forested areas within the Bank Parcel area Temporary seed will provide cover until the permanent seed applied becomes established Temporary cover will consist of millet (Echanochloa crusgalh), annual rye grain (Secale cereale) and crimson clover (Trafohum incarnatum) Permanent ground cover will consist of swrtchgrass (Panacum virgatum), deertongue (Panacum clandestanman), black eyed susan (Rudbeckaa harta), and riverbank wildrye (Elymus raparaus) 4 0 Monitonnz and Maintenance Plan The Bank Parcel site will be monitored for five (5) consecutive years or until the required success criteria has been met as determined by DWQ Monitoring activities will begin immediately following the completion of planting in order to alleviate any potential problems as they occur Supplemental planting and additional site modifications will be implemented if necessary Planting will likely occur in the Fall of 2010 therefore, the riparian restoration will be monitored the following growing season projected to be the Summer of 2011 Monitoring activities will follow the terms and conditions of the Cape Fear Basin Riparian Buffer and Nutrient Mitigation Umbrella Bank (Bank) made and entered into by EM acting as the Bank Sponsor and DWQ Vegetation will be monitored annually for five (5) consecutive years after the first full growing season A monitoring report will be submitted annually to DWQ no later than December 31 of each monitoring year describing the conditions of the Bank Parcel and relating those conditions to the success criteria The Bank Parcel site will contain approximately 9 vegetative monitoring plots, with the total area not exceeding two (2) percent of the proposed nutrient offset restoration area The plots will be monitored in accordance with the CVS EEP Protocol for Recording Vegetation (CVS EEP, v4 2) Ten (10) by ten (10) meter square plots will be permanently established following completion of the planting phase and at least two opposing corners will be permanently installed and surveyed for future use The plant species, density, survival rates and the cause of mortality if identifiable will be recorded within each plot Vegetation plots will be sampled and reported annually The primary focus of the vegetative monitoring will be solely on the tree and shrub stratum although herbaceous species encountered may also be recorded The target density for the nutrient offset restoration area is a minimum of 320 trees and shrubs per acre at the end of the five (5) year monitoring period Vegetation monitoring will occur between August and October A determination will be made regarding the success of the project following the collection and evaluation of ecological and physical monitoring data photographs and site observations _5 0 Nutrient Offset Mitmation Potential The Ivey Ferguson Bank Parcel will provide nutrient mitigation credits for development impacts within the Upper New Hope Arm of the B Everett Jordan Lake watershed (i a the service area) It is expected to provide land of varying widths along approximately 2 700 ft of stream within the Bank Parcel boundary Approximately 12 acres of the 14 acres will be used to generate nutrient offset credits for nitrogen and phosphorus The exact amount of nutrient offset mitigation potential (currently based on 2,273 lbs of nitrogen/ac and 146 4 lbs of phosphorus /ac of riparian buffer restoration) will be finalized upon completion of the survey of the conservation easement within the Bank Parcel and will be included in the Bank Ledger Please note this Bank Parcel is not intended to function for buffer mitigation impacts It will only be used for nutrient offsets 6 FJI]EcoEngneering Ad f Th 1 hn R M Adams Company [ 6 0 References Griffith, G E Omerruk, J M, Comstock J A, Schafle, M P McNab W H Lenat, D R, MacPherson T F Glover J B , and Shelburne V B 2002, Ecoregions of North Carolina and south Carolina (color poster with map descriptive text, summary tables and photographs) Reston Virginia U S Geological Survey (map scale 1 1,500,00) Lee Michael T Peet Robert K Roberts Steven D and Wentworth Thomas R, 2008 CVS EEP Protocol for Recording Vegetation Level 1 2 Plot Sampling Only Version 4 2 North Carolina Ecosystem Enhancement Program (NCEEP) 2004 Guidelines for Riparian Buffer Restoration Available at internet site http / /www nceep net/news /reports/buffers pd f Accessed September, 2010 Schafale MP and AS Weakley 1990 Classification of the Natural Communities of North Carolina Third Approximation North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Division of Parks and Recreation Department of Environment and Natural Resources Raleigh North Carolina United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service Official Soil Series Description (OSD) with Series Extent Mapping Capabilities Available at mternet site http //sods usda aov /techrucal/classification/osd/mdex html Accessed September 2010 United States Department of Agriculture, Sod Conservation Service Sod Survey of Orange County, North Carol 1977 United States Geological Survey 7 5 Minute Topographic Map of the White Cross, North Carolina QpgdMgle 1981 [E—J]EcoEngineering Ad f Th J hm R M Adams Company I APPENDIX A Site Maps g AEcoEngineering Adi fTi J hnR M Adams mpany In F0 IGURE 1 - SITE LOCATION MAP 0 0.5 1 2 Ej EcolEngineering Miles 14 A division of The John R. McAdams Company, Inc. 1 inch equals 1 miles >J v� r, I 'y , �Sr �fr; �� �[,z �y its �•� � � � t'. c } 4 } _ I,t*�1 N t A `�' Y' t 'iy L' 'x t -4 •, �'1' _k a1,t fit" Lcaf ¢ J r` t i� •� a i 6" �q y F 'r F i + t �tw" t .t Sj1,E7 9:t q v y s.Y s q! !" y. IA 1'. t .^'h 0 ;. � _ t 4•�, �` \ J ,t.+, �'k ,t t,V.r '`%yr 3. 1 � :. 4 7�•-}5, �4i }' T' � � t 1'��' { � Sy��f "� 41 � j� Y � I t ��� wt� M1 p"� r o�` '1... '� 1 . � 'Y t y 44 \ '. c.t I �� �• .� }�� 1 � W� h 545i i \'Xy�� ��'�S v e N. # a1.��, } �1 t T {.J 1 ( \ i v y� N 1 '7'i.? �` i' �y 1•!Id J } V�4 1R� :1j ICI, ti q� t1 r j r x A 1t�� , 3. •J � `�. y� ( t. JY• ;1' t lj •t� Vii.. Y ^0 �1.`) i �r <oxyNi }'Ft{ y `iil lC i ., (, i R ! i' tSl .S,l• 1}. J 1. .t�€ ath Z9�. . � / Y ` to ,• tl 3?�'+5 �d�t, +� ��..� t i ry s s IF m� •t ii „t : 1 ( IM r 'ice" nnf REAnECn e� �xty�" Iq,t7� FIGURE 3 - USGS QUAD - WHITE CROSS 0 1,000 2,000 4,000 Feet 1 inch equals 2,000 feet EcoEngineering A division of The John R. McAdams Company, Inc. FIGURE 4 - ORANGE COUNTY SOILS SURVEY EcoEngineering 0 500 1,000 2,000 Feet 1 inch equals 1,000 feet A division of The John R. McAdams Company, Inc. APPENDIX B Site Photographs AEcoEngineering A division of The John R. McAdams Company, Inc. Photo 1: Existing conditions facing east on PIN # 9758034637 within the Photo 2: Existing conditions facing southwest on PIN # 9758034637 within the central portion of parcel (August 13, 2009). Photo 4: Existing conditions facing east on PIN # 9758027026 within the northwestern section of parcel (August 13, 2009). Photo 3: Existing conditions facing southwest on PIN # 9758022055 within the Photo 4: Existing conditions facing east on PIN # 9758027026 within the northwestern section of parcel (August 13, 2009). Photo 5: Existing conditions facing north on PIN # 9758034637 within the Photo 6: Existing conditions facing west on PIN # 9758337836 within the western section of parcel adjacent to existing forest (August 13, 2009).